Date of Declaration: 2000
It was declared as a protected area by the Amiri Decree No. (25) Issued by His Highness Dr. Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah for the establishment of a protected area on Sir Bo Na’air Island.
Geographical Location: the Arabian Gulf at a distance of 60 miles northwest of Sharjah city
Total Area: estimated area of about 13 km2
The water distance of the protected area is a one nautical mile from the beach and around the island
It is characterized by its rich marine, a costal ecology, and a high density of turtle nests like Hawksbill Turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) & Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas). As well as resident and migratory birds, which live in colonies like Sooty Gulls (Larus hemprichii), and Bridled Terns (Onychoprion anaethetus) . In addition to other species like gazelles (Gazella gazelle cora), and lizards (Uromastyx aegyptia).
Sir Bo Na'air Island is one of the most important marine protected areas in the United Arab Emirates and the Arabian Gulf region; for being one of the key nesting sites for Hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the Arabian Gulf, as well as having important environmental elements, such as amazing geological formations, natural vegetation and marine birds, coral reef communities,and rich marine biodiversity. The island is characterized also by its stunning sandy beaches.
Sir Bo Na'air Island has been recognized by The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) in 2013, and also included in (UNESCO) World Heritage Tentative list in 2012, in addition to (IOSEA) Indian Ocean -South- East Asian Marine Turtle Memorandum of Understanding, for the sake of maintaining rich biodiversity and distinguished habitat.